安全、健康和环境

2020, v.20(09) 33-39

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基于金属形态分析的风险评价法及其在废催化剂分析中的应用
Risk Assessment Methods based on Metal Speciation Analysis and its Application in Waste Catalyst Analysis

李玲玲;王曰杰;
Li Lingling;Wang Yuejie;The Key Laboratory of Safety and Control for Chemicals,SINOPEC Research Institute of Safety Engineering;

摘要(Abstract):

综述了目前广泛使用的金属赋存形态的分析方法和基于金属形态分析的风险评价法,分析了风险评价法在化工废催化剂分析中的应用。金属赋存形态的分析方法主要有Tessier法和BCR法两种金属连续提取方法;广泛采用的基于金属形态分析的风险评价法主要有结合强度系数(IR)、风险评价编码指数(RAC)、次生相与原生相比值法(RSP)、潜在生态风险指数法(RI)等。基于金属形态分析的风险评价法在化工废催化剂分析中的应用研究仍然较少。
The article reviewed the widely used analysis methods of metal speciation. The risk assessment methods based on metal speciation analysis and the application in petrochemical waste catalyst analysis were analyzed. Tessier method and BCR methodwere the main metal speciation analysis methods. The widely applied risk assessment methods mainly included the Reduced Partition Index Method(IR),risk assessment coding method(RAC) and the phase and primary comparison method(RSP) and the potential ecological risk index(RI). The application of risk assessment methods based on metal speciation analysis in chemical waste catalyst analysis was still rare.

关键词(KeyWords): 废催化剂;炼油化工;重金属;赋存形态分析;生态风险评价
waste catalyst;refining and chemical;heavy metal;metal speciation analysis;ecological risk assessment

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基金项目(Foundation): 中国石化科技部项目(A-531),废催化剂毒性评估及重金属生物淋滤研究

作者(Author): 李玲玲;王曰杰;
Li Lingling;Wang Yuejie;The Key Laboratory of Safety and Control for Chemicals,SINOPEC Research Institute of Safety Engineering;

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